Murchison Falls, also known as Kabalega Falls, is a waterfall between Lake Kyoga and Lake Albert on the White Nile River in Uganda. At the top of Murchison Falls, the Nile forces its way through a gap in the rocks, only 7 metres (23 ft) wide, and tumbles 43 metres (141 ft), before flowing westward into Lake Albert. The outlet of Lake Victoria sends around 300 cubic meters per second (11,000 ft³/s) of water over the falls, squeezed into a gorge less than ten metres (30 ft) wide. This spectacular display of nature’s drama makes the Murchison falls the most powerful waterfall in the world.
In about 1864, Sir Samuel and Florence Baker became the first Europeans to see a substantial waterfall on the Victoria Nile, which Baker named Murchison Falls after the then-president of the Royal Geographical Society, Sir Roderick Murchison. Ernest Hemingway crashed a plane just downriver from Murchison Falls in 1954.
During the regime of Idi Amin in the 1970s the name was changed to Kabalega Falls, after the Omukama (King) Kabalega of Bunyoro, although this was never legally made known. The name reverted to Murchison Falls following the downfall of Idi Amin. It is still sometimes referred to as Kabalega Falls though.
Between 1907 and 1912, the inhabitants of an area of about 13,000 square kilometres (5,000 sq mi), around the Murchison Falls, were evacuated due to sleeping sickness spread by tse-tse flies. In 1910, the Bunyoro Game Reserve was created south of the River Nile. That area roughly corresponds to the part of the Murchison Falls National Park (MFNP) that is in the districts of Buliisa, Masindi, and Kiryandongo. In 1928, the boundaries were extended north of the river into the modern-day Nwoya District.
In 1952, the British administration established the National Parks Act of Uganda. The area described above became Murchison Falls National Park.
Murchison Falls National Park is located in the northern part of Albertine Rift Valley, place where the massive Bunyoro escarpment amalgamate into the enormous plains of Acholi land. It is well known to be one of Uganda’s ancient conservation areas. In 1926, it was known as a game reserve set up to protect the savannah grassland that was talked about by Winston Churchill in 1907 as the great Kew Gardens along with the wildlife blended on a restricted land.
The park is acknowledged for receiving prominent international visitors. Winston Churchill is a great man who is accredited for having done activities such as boat cruise, hiking as well as cycling along the Nile corridor of the falls. Later on, he was followed by his predecessor who is believed to have spent a lot of money around US$1.8m on his hunting safari in Uganda.
Why should you visit Murchison Falls Uganda?
Simple because you will be blown away by the waterfall’s mighty force and stunning beauty. Murchison Falls is the star attraction of Uganda’s largest National Park, which is also named after the falls.
Considered the most powerful waterfall in the world, Murchison Falls is created by the great Nile River thrusting through a narrow gap in a violent roar before crashing down a 140-ft (43 Meters) drop and flowing outward into Lake Albert. You’ll probably also get to see colourful rainbows and a variety of birds at the falls, so make sure you have your camera ready!
Cameras also ready to take pictures of a number of birds species, Hippos, crocodiles, waterbucks, buffaloes. The vegetation is characterised by savannah, riverine forest and woodland. Wildlife includes lions, leopards, elephants, giraffes, hartebeests, oribis, Uganda kobs, chimpanzees, and many bird species.