Rwenzori Mountains National Park

The Rwenzori mountains range is known as ‘The Mountains of the Moon’ and has a legendary beauty with a total of six peaks, capped with ice and snow and has three glaciers. The highest peak, Margherita, is the third highest peak in Africa after Mount Kilimanjaro in Tanzania and Mount Kenya in Kenya. The abundant flora and bird life within the vicinity of the region is very unique. The best times to visit are from June to August, and December to February.

Due to the vastness of this mountainous region the flora found here is very special. A variety of large mammals are known to inhabit the lower slopes, but the Rwenzori Mountains are more well-known for their grand scenery and wide ranging vegetation. The trails lead through rainforest rattling with monkeys and birds, then through tall bamboo forest, before emerging on the high-altitude moorland zone, a landscape of bizarre giant lobelias, towered over by black rock and white snow, looking for all the world like the set of a science fiction film. The Rwenzori mountains themselves are a true hidden gem in a country that has so much variety to offer.

The Rwenzori Mountains are a world-class hiking and mountaineering destination. A nine – to twelve-day trek will get skilled climbers to the summit of Margherita – the highest peak – though shorter, non-technical treks are possible to scale the surrounding peaks.

For those who prefer something a little less strenuous, neighboring Bakonzo villages offer nature walks, homestead visits home cultural performances and accommodation, including home-cooked local cuisine.



Gorilla & Chimp Safaris Uganda Limited
All inclusive Safari Holidays in Uganda & Rwanda

Lumumba Avenue,
Padre Pio House,Plot 32,Uganda.

Telephone: +256 705 497 677
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All our tours are born out of a desire to share authentic African Safari experiences. Offering travellers individual journeys, designed to match your interests, tastes and budget, we provide tailor-made hikes & tours to Rwenzori National Park. Enquire with our team of experts to start your journey today.
Rwenzori Mountains Trekking Safari

Rwenzori Trekking Safari Adventure


Entebbe – Kampala, Rwenzori Mountains

From US$1,850 per person
Rwenzori Mountains Trekking Safari

Rwenzori Mountain trekking & Wildlife Safari


Entebbe – Rwenzori Mountains, QENP, L.Mburo, Bwindi Forest

From US$3,600 per person
Uganda Primate Safari

The Classic Uganda Primate safari


Entebbe – Kibale, QENP, Bwindi Forest

From US$950 per person


Equatorial Snow Peaks

The high Rwenzori mountain comprises of six distinct peaks. Although located just miles north of the equator, the highest of these – Mounts Stanley (5,109m), Speke (4,890m) and Baker (4,843m) – all bear permanent snow and glaciers. The snow peaks can be reached by hiking the Central Circuit and Kilembe Trails.

Land of the Triffids

The misty, boggy, glacier-carved valleys of the high Rwenzori form a strange botanical world inhabited by triffid-sized forms of lobelia, heather and groundsel, crisp “everlasting flowers,” garishly coloured mosses and gnarled trees draped with curtains of lichen. The result is an otherworldly setting which, over the years, has been compared to the forests of the Jabberwock, the Seven Dwarves and, inevitably, Tolkein’s Middle Earth. These strange plants rank among the world’s botanical treasures, being found only on the highest mountains of East Africa.

Various Lakes

There are over 20 lakes in Rwenzori Mountains National Park. The lowest and most accessible is Lake Mahoma (2,651m) in the bird-rich forest of the Central Circuit. The beautiful Lake Bujuku lies at the head of the deep, glacier carved Bujuku valley in the shadow of Mounts Stanley, Baker and Speke. In the Nyamwamba Valley, ascended by the Kilembe Trail, dams created by glacial moraine have created a string of eight delightful lakes. Several rivers and streams orginate from the mountain forming lifelines for the fauna and flora in the flood plains and supporting local communities.

Marvel of Ruboni

Ruboni, found at the southeastern foot of the Rwenzori Mountains, is the trailhead for the seven-day Central Circuit to the high peaks. It is also the starting point for hill walks, bird and nature treks and walks through the traditional homesteads of the local Bakonzo community. Accommodation catering for a range of budgets offers gorgeous mountain views up the Mubuku valley.

Visitor Information Centre

Until the new Visitor Information Center is complete, all information regarding park activities will be available at Rwankingi Park Headquarters (close to Ruboni Community Camp), at the trailheads and the offices of the Rwenzori tour operators. Guides and porters, along with trekking equipment, can be booked by visitors at these locations.

Bulemba Tombs

Bulemba houses the remains of Rwenzururu people’s first King, Isaiah Mukirania Kibanzanga, who is believed to have saved the Bakonzo tribe from the Batooro oppression. Each year on 2nd September, every Mukonzo attends the pilgrimage to this sacred site to make sacrifices.

Birding in Rwenzori Mountains

The park sits within the bird rich Albertine Rift, arguably one of the world’s most critical birdlife corridor. Birding opportunities are greatest in the montane forest. Bee-eaters, robins, sunbirds and barbets are some of the 220 species found in Rwenzori Mountains National Park. These include several Albertine endemics and 17 species that are endemic to the park, making Rwenzori Mountains National Park an important birding area (IBA).

The forest zone at an altitude of about 1800 hosts a diversity of birds that includes the Rwenzori Turaco, the barred long-tailed cuckoo, long eared owl, handsome francolin, cinnamon chested Bee-eater, Archer’s Robin chat, White-starred Robin, Rwenzori Batis amongst many others.

Cultural Encounters in Rwenzori Mountains

Walk with Bakonzo villagers through their homesteads in the foothills of the Rwenzoris as they demonstrate their daily activities, from tending to their animals and crops, to preparing meals with the freshest ingredients. You can enjoy the cultural dances, traditional costumes and hear their fascinating folklore.

Hiking and Nature Walks in Rwenzori Mountains 

Follow the trails up to Lake Mahooma and Buraro chimp forest; through the communities of Kichamba to the Karangura ridge; and to Bundibugo area through Bwamba pass. The communities of Ruboni and Turaco View also offer guided forest walks of various lengths just outside the park.

Mountain/Volcano Climbing in Rwenzori Mountains

The terrain within the Rwenzoris offer some world class hiking and mountaineering opportunities in Uganda. For mountain climbing enthusiasts, the challenging steep slopes of the Rwenzori Mountain range would be ideal to tackle. One can choose between two scenic routes to the top of the Rwenzoris – Africa’s third highest peak! This is either the Central Circuit or via the Kilembe Trails.

Mount Stanley (5,109m), Speke (4,890m) and Baker (4,843m) are the highest peaks of the mountain range all with permanent snow and glaciers. The trails pass glacial lakes, gorgeous viewpoints, dramatic mountain passes and lush valleys.

Rwenzori Mountains at a glance

  • SIZE: 996km2
  • The park was gazetted in 1991 and was recognized as a World Heritage site in 1994 and Ramsar site in 2008.
  • Highest point: 5,109m above sea level on Mt Stanley’s Margherita Peak. Mt. Stanley is bisected by the border with the DR Congo.
  • The Ruwenzori is not volcanic like East Africa’s other major mountains but is a block of rock up faulted through the floor of the Western Rift Valley.
  • The Rwenzori’s were christened the “Mountains of the Moon” by the Alexandrine geographer Ptolemy in AD 150.
  • The explorer Henry Stanley placed the Ruwenzori on the map on 24th May 1888. He labeled it ‘Ruwenzori’, a local name which he recorded as meaning “Rain-Maker” or “Cloud-King.”
  • The oldest recorded person to reach Margherita Peak was Ms Beryl Park aged 78 in 2010.